As auditory processing disorder is not a single entity, no one treatment plan is appropriate. Management must take into account three important factors: direct therapy, manipulation of the environment, and compensatory strategies.
Direct therapy usually involves a Speech-Language Pathologist. S-LPs are uniquely trained to work with both “bottom up” and “top-down” transfers of information. Not only must a child with auditory processing disorder be trained in listening and strengthening the ability to discern speech sounds properly or in noise, he or she must also receive training in metacognitive function – the ability to piece together what was heard and make sense of it by using context or familiarity with the speaker or situation.
Manipulation Of The Environment
Some children with auditory processing disorder struggle to correctly interpret incoming auditory information in background noise. In these cases, an FM system (which brings the sound of the teacher’s voice directly to the child’s ears) can be of assistance. It must be noted that not all types of auditory processing disorders require this type of equipment.
Depending on the nature of the auditory deficit and other existing conditions, compensation for auditory weakness can range from good listening techniques to learning to recognise poor listening conditions.